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It is so rewarding to follow the development of a child: when he begins to crawl, take his first steps, speak, and also when he begins to recognize the letters of the alphabet to read and write in the future. This literacy process is gradual and depends on one’s time, but there are some strategies that can facilitate this learning both at school and at home.

Literacy is the learning of the alphabet and its use as a code of communication and appropriation of the writing system, with the understanding of the letters, being the primary step to read and write. Literacy is a process of acquiring basic cognitive skills that contribute to social awareness and the formation of critical thinking in the individual.

This process starts in the first years of elementary school, but the child brings many influences from home, family and environment. She already has the notion of objects, their meanings and functions, knows that representations are everywhere.

For this reason, the school must become an ally in this stage of learning, bringing an environment even more playful and full of attractions that encourage students to read and write. The ideal is that the classroom has books, newspapers, stories, diverse materials that help the students to develop these skills.

It is through literacy that the child can later acquire the ability to read, understand texts and language in general. Skills necessary to advance in school years and also to evolve within society.

Well, now that we have talked about the meaning and importance of literacy, that is, theory, let’s go to practice?! to give us some fundamental tips for parents and teachers that can be adopted during the process of literacy of the child.

Basic stages of learning

Contextualize: linking daily activities of the child in the literacy process is beneficial. Ask for help in creating the market shopping list, questioning the sound of the initial letter, how many letters they have. List of travel items, ingredients of a recipe. These moments make the child notice the writing in all spaces.

Celebrate Achievements: each child has his time to internalize and assimilate the information. At this stage, celebrate each step achieved. A recognized letter, a syllable or created word. Never compare the child with the other, we are all different. We need to make this process pleasant.

Create the reading habit: the literacy process consists of acquiring skills involving writing and reading. Listening to stories or accounts allows the child to discover written language. Organize a routine, ask the child to retell or create stories.

Build a word bank: always ask at the end of a reading if the child does not know the meaning of any word. Explain the synonym and on a poster create a word bank with all the discoveries. This activity helps the repertoire of words.

Observe the evolutions: suggestion is to start the process by presenting the letters and sounds of the alphabet, not necessarily in order. After showing the junction of the letters that will form the syllables, give preference to exact syllables. So on for words, phrases, texts. We do not always follow the same method. It is necessary to know the child’s initial skills. There are several methods of literacy.

Create, recreate build: the literacy process must be allied to playfulness. Building games favors the intentionality and the objective of each phase in this process. Build a game of syllables, of the alphabet, forming words. Stimulate creativity.

Maintain communication between family and school: it is essential that teachers and managers maintain active communication, observing evolutions or possible difficulties. Together helping in this process.

Believe, everything will right: as the word process already defines, it is a continuous, gradual action. So making this moment pleasant and meaningful is the most important. Reassure the child that everything will happen in your time. These skills developed in this process will be used throughout your life. We need to leave positive marks in this phase.